First impressions, memorable impressions, are generally irrecoverable; they often leave one the wiser, but they rarely return in the same form. Henry James, Italian Hours
Rome the Eternal City, a city of conflicting experiences: huge, chaotic, noisy, sometimes dirty but beautiful, breathtaking on an early Sunday morning when the Romans are still asleep and no traffic around. I believe you can only love it or hate it. Living here or simply visiting this city can really be an adventure sometimes!
Hundreds of churches, fountains, historical buildings, museums and archaeological sites : it’ll be my pleasure to show you the best of it !
My tours are normally on foot, which is probably the best way to explore Rome. But if you only have a very short time or walking is not for you it would be helpful to hire some private transportation, taxis or to use public transport.
I offer customized tours: you tell me what you want to see and I’ll offer my advice. A relaxing stroll through the city, an in-depth visit of the Roman antiquities, a visit to major museums, a gastronomic experience to taste the local flavours.
SUGGESTED SITES AND ITINERARIES
Here’s a list of major sites and itineraries where you can get some ideas. You can combine elements from any of these tours.
A tour of the ancient heart of the city normally includesse the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, Palatine Hill and Pantheon.
The Colosseum was the great amphitheatre built by emperor Vespasian in 72 AD to house animal hunts and gladiator combats and could contain some 65.000 people. Admission fee. (Colosseum ticket includes entrance to the Forum and Palatine).
Roman Forum: the central square of ancient Rome for politics, religious ceremonies and triumphal parades. Inside this area, excavated in modern age, are ruins of ancient buildings such as the temple dedicated to Julius Caesar after his death, the temple of Vesta, the Senate house, the Arch of Titus. Admission fee.
Palatine Hill: the cradle of Rome, where the legendary foundation of the city took place and where the Roman emperors had their magnificent palace. Admission fee.
Pantheon: a 2nd century AD temple dedicated to all the major gods, later turned into a Christian church. One of the greatest architecture in the world especially for its dome. Free admission.
The Vatican is a huge area that comprises the Basilica of Saint Peter’s, the Vatican Museums , the Sistine Chapel, the Gardens , the Necropolis , the Pope’s Palace and other buildings not open to the general public. Generally a basic tour of the Vatican including only the Museums highlights, the Sistine Chapel and St. Peter’s basilica is approx. 3 hrs long .
Here is a list of the different sections in the Vatican, some can be combined together but visiting all this ares in one go it is nearly impossible since it’ll require a long day.
The Vatican Museums is a huge collection that spans from Etruscan antiquities to contemporary art. Paintings, sculptures, mosaics and tapestries. Admission fee
The Raphael Rooms and the Sistine Chapel are part of the Museums complex. The Raphael’s rooms were the apartments of Pope Julius II and were painted by Raffaello Sanzio and his assistants. The Sistine Chapel was built to be the chapel of the Pope’s Palace and houses superb paintings by some of the Renaissance masters such as Botticelli, Ghirlandaio and Perugino and the world famous masterpieces by Michelangelo: the ceiling and the Last Judgement.
St Peter’s Basilica, this immense church built on the tomb of the apostle Peter in more than a century is the centre of the Catholic world. Open everyday to visitors. Free admission.
The Vatican Grottoes are below Saint Peter’s and contain the tombs of the Popes. Entrance is through the Basilica. Free admission
The Cupola or Saint Peter’s Dome: an elevator and some 320 steps will take you to the top of the highest dome in Rome which was designed by Michelangelo. For the bravest you can avoid the elevator and climb 551 steps to the top. Admission fee.
The Vatican Necropolis (Scavi vaticani): a visit to the necropolis below St. Peter’s Basilica and to the tomb of the Apostle takes about one hour and half. Tours can only be arranged through the Vatican office so we won’t be able to guide you there. Admission fee. Contact: by email firstname.lastname@example.org or by fax: +390669873017
Saint Peter’sTreasury: inside the Basilica, on the left aisle, enter the Sacristy and you’ll find this museum which contains mainly church ornaments, statues, papal mitres and other precious objects. Admission fee.
Rome has 4 major basilicas: St. Peter, St. Paul outside the Walls, St. John in Lateran and St. Mary Major. They’re all open daily . Free admission.
Other important churches:
St Clement: a church on three levels. An upper church dating back to 12th century which was built over the previous basilica of the 4th which at his own turn was built over some Roman houses dating back to the 1st century AD. Exploring the two underground levels is like travelling through Rome’s history. Admission fee to the underground levels.
St Peter in Chains: it was built, according to tradition, to house the chains of the apostle Peter. Mostly reknown for the stunning Moses by Michelangelo. Free admission
Chiesa del Gesù: a superb baroque church where is buried St. Ignatius of Loyola. Free admission
St. Ignatius: dedicated to the Jesuit saint this beautiful baroque church is famous for its trompe l’oeil dome. Free admission.
The Catacombs: early christian underground cemeteries. These subterranean cemeteries consist of a network of galleries dug out in the tufa soil, strectching for several miles and built on different levels. There were many types of burials: from the cheap slots in the wall to the beautifully painted niches and cubicula of the wealthy families. There are four major catacombs areas open to the public and they all offer guided tours included in the ticket price: the catacombs of Saint Sebastian, St. Calixstus and Saint Domitilla are on the Appian way area, while the catacombs of Saint Priscilla are on the Salaria way, on the northern side of the city. Admission fee
A stroll through the major squares of Rome where the 17th and 18th century artists created their masterpieces.
Trevi fountain is probably the most famous of the Roman fountains. Built in 18th century by Nicola Salvi is fed by an ancient Roman acqueduct. Do not forget to toss your coin in the water!
Spanish steps a very scenographic stairway built in the 18th century to connect the hilltop area to the rest of the city. It gets its name from the nearby Spanish Embassy. In April it is all coloured by the marvelous display of azalias.The area near the steps it is also famous for the elegant and expensive designer stores.
Fountain of the 4 Rivers and piazza Navona this square was in antiquity the site of a Roman stadium built by emperor Domitian. Its oblong form still recalls the stadium shape. At the centre Bernini created the fountain of the Four Rivers. Every year at Christmas time there is a traditional fair (not that traditional anymore, alas!).
Borghese Gallery: set in one of the largest Rome’s public parks this gallery is really a gem. The palace built in the 17th century by the powerful cardinal Scipione Borghese houses some of the masterpieces of Bernini, Caravaggio, and Raphael. The collection is beautiful and not exhausting at all . Reservation is required. Admission fee. Admission is based on a 2hrs slot.
Capitoline museums: the oldest public collection in Rome. Antiquities, marble and bronze sculptures: amongst the famous artworks the Capitoline She Wolf, Marcus Aurelius equestrian statue, emperor Costantine’s statue gigantic marble fragments.There’s also a painting collection. Cafeteria with nice view over the city. Admission fee.
Pamphily-Doria Gallery: painting collection set in a stunning Renaissance palace. Caravaggio, Raphael, Titian. Admission fee
Museo Nazionale Romano : the Roman National Museum is divided in different buildings(see below). Admission fee.
Palazzo Massimo: which has an astonishing collection of portraits, imperial statues, coins, and amazing 1st century B.C. paintings recovered in some Roman villas . It also houses the mummy of a young girl found in the Rome’s outskirts. Do not miss the Discobolus(the Discus Thrower) and the 2 bronze absolute masterpieces: the Boxer and the Hellenistic Prince.(see my pictures in Flickr://www.flickr.com/photos/sandrablog/sets/72157623441598741/ )
Terme di Diocleziano(Baths of Diocletian): in the area of the former Baths of Diocletian the museum houses antiquities such as tombs, utensils and earthenware from the pre-Roman settlements. There is also an important epigraphic collection with inscriptions on marble, metal, and brick. It is possible to visit one of the huge halls of the the ancient baths ( do not miss the Aula X /Hall # 10 before leaving the museum).
The magnificent cloister with garden probably after Michelangelo’s design is a silent oasis in the noisy city: you can sit here peacefully reading your guidebooks and making plans for your next visit .
Castel S. Angelo:this is a mausoleum/fortress/jail/museum. The perfect explanation to Rome’s nickname: the eternal city. iIt will be worth your while only for the stunning view from the top. Admission fee.
Ara Pacis: a marble altar with extremely refined carvings dedicated to the emperor Augustus is now displayed in a contemporary architecture designed by Richard Meier. Admission fee.